Escuela Española de Terapia Reichiana 























Recalling the 10 years of the death of Federico Navarro 

Ten years … 





Psychologist specializing in clinical psychology (CV141) and psychoterapy. e. Sexólogo and specialist in human systems. Founder and Director of the Spanish School of Reichian Therapy (ESTER) Orgonterapist vegetotherapy character-trainer in the European Scuola Di Orognoterapia with masters like Piero Federico Navarro and Borrelli (Ola Raknes, disciples, W. Reich collaborator). Creator of Psychotherapy brief Character (PBC) Professor of specialized schools in Europe and nuemeros Latinoamerica.


Author of articles and specialized books. El last: "Deepening the Reichian couch. The vegetoterapy in the caracteroanalytic psychoterapy" Edit. Bibilitoeca Nueva. Madrid, 2011

www. psicoterapiaecologia. com

www. esternet. org/xavierserrano

xserrano@mac. com




The author shows some fragments from the life of the Neuropsychiatrist Federico Navarro (1924-2002), ex-psychoanalyst and pioneer of Reichian movement in Europe and Latin America and author of many clinical books. He passed away last October. Also contributes data of his professional and personal relation with him and exposes a synthesis of his more important scientific contributions.




Federico Navarro was born on 16 June 1924 in Naples. His father ran a modest transport company and his mother dedicated herself to home. His relation with his parents was never affective, and as he remembers at the interview, “the figure which exerted the most repressive authority was in fact my mother who talked to me about how important studies were and that was because my mother never got a degree. My mother used to tell me ”You need to study so that you don’t become as your father, an ignorant”. That behaviour so gelding of my mother’s has influenced much on me. I remember that my mother insisted in saying that the first most important thing was duty and then might come pleasure”. In 1940 the war burst out and he was still in the institute. His father was a passive antifascist. On the opposite side, his father’s brother, an engineer, was an antifascist, socialist, he was really involved and so he was one of his main models of reference. Over that period Navarro took part in the resistance against the Nazis and along with most part of the Neapolitans helped the rebellion in the town when the Nazis needed to flee because Americans were already in Salerno. On one occasion a friend of his was murdered right next to him, a fact which produced a great impact upon him and which he would always recall with much grief.

When the Americans occupied temporarily the government of Naples, he joined other antifascist youth and made part of the then intelligentsia in the town. Among the others were Francesco Rossi, who afterwards turned to become his family doctor, Giorgio Napolitano, Ex-Minister of the Interior, Raffaele la Capria, Antonio Ghirelli, and Enrico Cernia. He also collaborated in the Radio Naples, on its scientific programmes. In 1942 he entered the University. His father obliged him to graduate in the major of Law, but his aunt encouraged him to study Medicine, as he wished, something he did despite his father’s opposition who stopped supporting him economically. He graduated in 1948, at the age of 24, starting with his first speciality, forensic medicine, so he could earn a bit of money assisting autopsies, surveys, etc. Next year he was enlisted as a naval doctor and he got an appointment to Australia where he was introduced to F. Leboyer who was a UN doctor. But when he arrived in Australia after a 26-day cruise he fell ill and his diagnosis was tuberculosis and so he had to be listed out and to be treated over several months. Afterwards he worked in the institute of cancer in Naples and in the meantime, having already graduated in his first major, he continued his studies in pathologic anatomy.

He married Anna Maria in 1946 and they got their first child, Diego, in 1953. Two years prior to this, in 1951, the Chairman of the Anthropology Chair communicated to him that there was a competition of the Ministry of Justice for the position of a doctor in the judicial insane asylum. He was not a psychiatrist; nevertheless, having the diploma in Legal Medicine he was eligible for the Ministry of Justice. He presented himself at the competition and won, and by coherence he started the speciality of Neuropsychiatry in Florence, something he combined with his work. He also started psychoanalysis with Musatti thinking of continuing his education in the future.

In November 1954 the Ministry queered whether there was such a psychiatrist ready to go to Mogadiscio, Somalia, to organise a Centre of reeducation of under age in collaboration with the UN. Federico applied and was elected was that job. This is how he described his experience: “Somalia’s administration governed by the UN was quite diligent and set up very well. Every day I was taken to the hospital that was situated in a Somalian neighbourhood. Once there was an uprising against the Italian administration, so I was told not to go to the hospital for I might get killed. But I just didn’t pay attention. I remember that when I got to that neighbourhood I was told that that was my home and that I could stay there forever.

I had a very nice time there. I stayed there for a year, until the end of October.

In 1955 I had set up all the Centre of education but still needed materials from the Italian administration so I might be able to teach things to those guys, help them in their work, but that material was never supplied. When I entered he told me:

“You, apart from what you get as a salary, do you get anything for the mission?”


“And when you arrived, did the Administration give you a house?”


“And were you given a jeep?”


“Were they good to you?”


“What more do you want?”

“What do you mean by what do you want? I want to work, I have come here to work!”

“But what are you talking about? We are here in Somalia just to show the United Nations that we can administrate, but in fact we don’t care about any Somalia at all. ”

I got mad. And so I said, “Your Excellency, I came here meaning to work in a specific dominion. If this is impossible and you reckon I’m some sort of exalted or nuts, would you be so kind as to book me a place on the next plane to Italy? I haven’t come here for the money because if I wanted money I would work in Italy. I have come to give a hand to Somalia. Farewell. ”

I got up and left him like a fool. On the next week I returned to Italy. ”

Before returning to Naples, Anna who was pregnant again, had spent several months with their son Diego and her husband in Somalia until Fausta, their second daughter was born in 1954, in Mogadiscio. Then she returned to Naples with their children, Navarro staying for a few more months in Somalia.

As soon as he got back to Naples he continued his work in judicial psychiatry where he was promoted to the position of a Director, and carried on his studies in psychoanalysis with Levi-Bianchini.

Over the decade of the 60s the anti-cultural and revolutionary spirit arrived in Italy, too and influenced Navarro a lot and for the rest of his life. In his political activity he abandoned the Socialist Party where he had got to be a member of the Directive of the Federation of Naples and the only representative of Pertini’s wing when he entered the power forming the first government of centrist left, because what he considered was that it was being bureaucratized and its leaders were getting more and more separated from reality, from the party militants and from the people. In the professional area this influence took him to join the anti-psychiatric movement with G. Jervis and other colleagues carrying out quite radical reforms in the Centre he was director of. But the administration took measures and started to boycott him by very severe measures as for example not allowing him medicines for the epileptics and eventually he had to resign from that position. Having already completed his education in psychoanalysis, he started his own private practice in neuropsychiatry and as a psychoanalyst. Perrotti was his supervisor, later substituted by Matte Blanco making part of International Psychoanalytic Association for many years, and in the most critical sector. His personal dynamic seemed to be conditioned, too. The relations between him and his wife started being somewhat difficult, and consequently lead to a separation. In 1958 he came to know a Swiss female tourist who he fell in love with, and so having lived together, eventually his third son was born in 1960, named Cristiano. But the relation didn’t work and the woman returned to Switzerland with her son. In 1965 he comes to know Roberta, a Belgian doctor who he marries several months later. Upon those personal conflicts he starts feeling dissatisfied and starts Jungian analysis along with Aldo Carotenuto, which he finished in 1966 having passed and together with Bernard the examination to join the Society of Analytic Psychology in Rome.

But that same summer Navarro went to spend his holiday on the Stromboli and among the other things in his luggage was an anthology with W. Reich’s texts compiled by Luigi di Marchi. The book was titled “The Theory of Orgasm” and was something new on the book market. In an interview Federico recalled that reading:

“So it was in Stromboli that I discovered Reich. I informed about that discovery several friends and colleagues, so we gathered together in 1966 and we found his discourse quite interesting. We started to meet once a week, a group of study dedicated to reading his works, and we reached to the conclusion that we would like to set a Reichian teaching. The only Reich’s alive disciple in Europe was Ola Raknes who lived in Oslo. We would figure out that someone of us would go to Oslo and start the formation and then return back to Italy and set it up with the rest of the people, but there was the problem with jobs, and abandon jobs and all, and so we thought of suggesting Raknes to come to spend with us three months in the summer, as an invited guest, and over that time we would be able to make some intensive therapy and he would make a holiday over the summer. Raknes accepted and came to Naples for the summer three successive years. He made therapy to some five people, some of them neuropsychiatrists. I was among them, too. At the same time we organised courses, so little by little a Reichian movement was being developed. “

His experience with W. Reich was very rich both at a professional level and at a personal level, too.

He met an old man (already in his eighties) but young as a spirit and full of vividness and tenderness. He had an exquisite clinical intuition, which allowed him to overcome personal dynamics that he had not been able to make with his former analysis, and he encountered in his work a true reflection of W. Reich’s work noticing the difference with A. Lowen’s “Bioenergetic Therapy” who he had been introduced to several months earlier.

It is always that I remember Rakness, I insisted on one of his features: “every therapist must possess the capacity to maintain a good energetic “contact”, a kind of empathy with the patient, be able to break the ice, be receptive, and to be able to feel the other person. Ola Raknes transferred this ability to me, and he developed it constantly. He was a person that had a great ability of calming people down. Ilse Ollendorf defined him as “oil in a raving sea”. Ola Rknes was like that indeed. ”

The education with Ola Raknes motivated the establishment of the Centre W. Reich at an expanded cultural and psycho-social activity, so by 1974, with several fellow psychiatrists, among them Piero Borelli, he founded the “Societa Italiana di Richerche e Terapia Orgonomica” (Sirto), which culminated in 1979 with the establishment of “Scuola Europea di Orgonoterapia” (SEOR), which agglutinated Raknes’s and Navarro’s disciples scattered around Europe; among their objectives was the one of structured education in post-Reichian clinic.

His professional identification as an orgontherapist submerges him into intensive activities aiming to propagate the work of W. Reich, and in particular, his clinical practice, the character analytic Vegetotherapy or orgontherapy. Navarro called himself an “Orgontherapist” following O. Raknes’s tradition and the tradition means Reich himself, which stands for “therapist of the vital energy” and “researcher of life”. It was W. Reich who described the vital energy, “orgon”. This implies a holistic position before health, whereas the therapeutic target is to reestablish the essential pulsation of living creatures, the capacity to regulate and distribute vital energy adequately, alternated by traumatic impacts and by the dynamic of permanent stress, which is the one that a child is submitted to in everyday dynamics of most patriarchal families. But what he called his clinical practice later was character analytic Vegetotherapy because he presumed that the application of the laws of “orgon” in the clinical field was too innovative and insufficiently studied, whereas the clinical experience with Vegetotherapy was known since 1939, the year when Reich started propagating it, and furthermore, it had already had quite a worked out system, which Navarro himself developed under the auspices of Raknes, who could achieve the same targets as the ones of orgontherapy quite effectively and trustworthily.

The term was not very comprehensible because the first association about it was the one with the vegetal world; it was coherent with its theoretic mark, though. In fact, the reference it makes is to the vegetative or autonomous nervous system, which is in the decade when more was starting to be known on the basis of Mueller’s manual, a book by the German internist and his colleagues’ team. The relation between emotion and muscle had already been started to be studied from the point of view of the relaxation techniques and Jacobson and Schultz’s books, but it started being fed by scientific arguments when the functioning of the autonomous nervous system began to get revealed, finding out the relation between the organs, the emotional responses and the muscular tension. As long as it was the neuromuscular system that it tried to protect, with the chronic tensions, which Reich would describe as a body armouring, the vital organs and the emotional impacts, but with short-term and long-term psychosomatic pathogenic consequences. Both psychoanalysis in general, and W. Reich in particular could see the relationship that existed between character attitudes and the muscular and body responses. And it is starting from there that that complex and complicated term of character analytic Vegetotherapy came, whose aim was to avoid that chronic muscular rigidity setting free the emotions and the psychical memories, which accompany them to allow adequate functioning of vegetative system, and hence of the vital system.

Those hypotheses, along with the conscience of the importance of the respiration had a great influence on psychosomatic medicine, on psycho-motricity, and on so called body psychotherapies, which nowadays are endorsed, by the way, by the discoveries in the field of psycho-neuro-inmunology through some studies on post-traumatic stress and the applications of quantum physics in the field of biology and medicine. This was therefore a vanguard and revolutionary therapeutics, which introduced somatic variables into analytic sofa, being able to understand the unconscious, and the libido as concrete elements supported by neuro-physiologic bases.

The partial rediscovery of W. Reich’s work in Europe through the recuperation of many of his psycho-sex-political and libertarian theses by the ’68 cultural movement and by the also partial and confused propagation of some of his clinical techniques through books that arrived from the United States on bioenergetic therapy and other body therapies made Navarro throughout those years carry out a great professional activity. Articles, books, reports and courses in Italy, France, Spain and very promptly in Latin America – all that drove him to become the referee of international post-Reichian movement and of psychotherapy as a whole.

Clinical activities and teaching in SEOR merges in different European countries, including Spain, where section was founded in 1984, belonging to it myself as an individual member since 1981, and the first promotions begin to appear of orgontherapists and of post-Reichian clinics with already structured education (personal analysis; of control; supervision; theoretical and clinical courses, etc. ). At the annual meeting we went on mining into clinical and prevention practice, and in 1980 a review was started titled “Energy, Character and Society” in Italy and Spain inheriting the title of D. Boadella’s English magazine “Energy and Character”, adding the word “society” thus reflecting the bio-psycho-social spirit of Reichian thinking.

Those were times of great expansion of knowledge, and Navarro was actively taking part in that process both in Europe and in Latin America, and particularly in Brazil where he moved to live as a consequence basically of his personal conflicts of that period of his life. He divorced Roberta and started a new love affair with Nicole in Paris, which took him to living with her for several years. That was an initially passionate relationship, but torturous on its last stage and had its culmination in the separation of the couple. When that love affair of his had only been developing for several months, some Brazilian students of his (Emilio and Felipe) who were doing their studies in Paris invited him to read some lectures in Rio de Janeiro. It was there that he came to know a colleague of his, Cibele, starting an intensive love affair with her, which stimulated him to leave Paris and start his life in Brazil in 1987. In this country, an extensive movement started to grow with the help of some colleagues of his, among them an Italian colleague, Humberto Liberati, whose residence was Sao Paulo; Enrique, Felipe and Beatriz de Paula from Rio de Janeiro; Dr. Zena in Natal and with my own help through my travels from Spain. But this did not impede Navarro to proceed in his projects and his presence in Europe. He traveled three times a year, mostly to Paris, Valencia and Naples. He maintained his teaching, carried out sessions of “maintenance” therapy or “ad-vitam” with some orgontherapists from SEOR and visited friends, children and relatives of his. At the same time some institutional changes took place. One of the most important of them was the transformation of the SEOR into IFOC ‘International Federation of Orgonomic Colleges” being Navarro the Honoured President, Jean Loic Albina the Secretary, and myself – the President; the aim being targeted at agglutinating post-Reichian associations all over the world, and not only European, but wherever it was possible to develop scientific work and propagation in the frames of the federative principles of respect and mutual help. But this uniting decision was not welcomed by everybody, so some colleagues withdrew, among them Gino Ferri who Navarro had a very good relationship with, the latter regretting a lot about Ferri’s withdrawal. Years later Ferri would once again join IFOC with a school of his own.

Also in Brazil some institutional conflicts took place, which affected him personally as he was also affected by his separation with Cibele in 1996 who he always maintained a nice friendship with.

Despite his age he used to say that he felt himself as an “available bachelor” but regardless of his availability he could not manage to live together with another woman again.

The birth of his nephew Federico, son of Cristiano in Milan, the demands of his friends and colleagues led to his return to Europe and the establishment of the Reichian movement in Brazil were all factors that stimulated him to plan a return to Naples. In fact, on one of his trips he was elected Scientific Director of the Institute of Orgonomy that would take his name, “Federico Navarro”, in Naples, founded by some old disciples of his and following the model of the Navarro Institute in Paris and the one of Natal in Brazil. However, while that decision was getting mature, the death of his close friend and colleague Piero Borelli in Naples made him get in touch with a hard reality: most part of his friends and colleagues had already passed away. And he found himself alone in his hometown. Obviously he was surrounded by students of his and by people who admired him but he felt himself affectively alone and decided to move back to Rio where he lived in a beautiful house in Lagoa and had established a satisfactory professional and personal life and always surrounded by professional and young students of his who showed him their affection and admiration.

It would be in 1998 when he, at the age of 74, already sick and weakened by his lung cancer when he seriously started to plan to move to Naples and start a calmer life. That was effectively realised in 2000. He made his last trip to Brazil in June 2002 and using the opportunity he took to Santiago de Chile where he still participated as a guest professor in the education of lecturers-professionals from ESTER and from other schools from IFOC and where he gave a lecture in the University.

When he returns to Naples in August he is exhausted and is forced to withdraw from his everyday activities. His illness is getting harder and harder and he has to face the reality: little lifespan is left. Not willing to lay in a hospital, he finds a hideout in his home taken care of by his son Diego, a doctor, too, and by Rosella, a colleague who he shared his house with, and by his closest friends until his death caused by a renal insufficiency on October 9 of that same year.

Along with some colleagues from Spain, Taire and Nacho, I had been able to visit him a fortnight before his death. He was exhausted but wouldn’t accept any “medical” care because he knew he was dying and wanted to die in peace following the model left by his master, O. Raknes, He softened his pains and his general state by means of homeopathy, oligoelements and following a powerful naturist diet. He was able to choose his death although there was a strong feeling of sadness in his look because he didn’t want to leave Life. So, that was how I had the opportunity to take a final leave of him, as his, children, his friends and colleagues did, with a sinking heart, tears wetting my cheeks, and once again recognizing him as The Master of Life.

I can remember some of the things I was thinking about the Death:

“Honestly, what I can say is that quite agnostic. I do not believe in anything related to after life, neither in reincarnation. I agree with the idea that energy of our atoms continues in the Universe but not as an I. I believe in life. Death in the essence of the word does not exist because as old Greeks used to say, “When it is death, I no longer exist”. I, Federico, am going away tomorrow and all ends. The concept of immortality is related, and it is not me who says this, Tolstoy said it, but I agree, with the memory that we may leave. Facing death there is one thing that bothers me: things that I would still like to do and will not be able to do, and also – the binds of affection, which go on living and will disappear when I die. But death in itself is just a curiosity, a mere experience”.



I came to know him in person in Barcelona in a workshop he was doing in 1979. In those times, having finished my studies in Psychology, I knew I wanted to work following the road of W. Reich. I had been doing some studies in “Bioenergetics” in Paris, and in psychodrama in Barcelona, but over that period it was that at a weekend with Navarro I felt I was being introduced to Reichian clinical practice. Those hours of learning next to Navarro definitively marked a professional identity I could feel but wasn’t experienced in. The coherence of his discourse, updating Reichian paradigm, and contributing to that clinical practice, excessively intuitive and insufficiently structured, of an empirical and theoretical skeleton that allowed a clear working streamline of research and thoroughness triggered my desire to specialise in that post-Reichian model. Following Navarro’s suggestion I went to Naples to carry out my analysis and studies in Character Analytic Vegetotherapy in the newly born Scuola Europea di Orgonoterapia (SEOR) president of which was Federico himself.

When, in 1982, I finished my individual analysis and the didactic or control analysis, which I realised with Piero Borelli who was also my group therapist, I was admitted to SEOR as an orgontherapist and started to work supervising for years with F. Navarro in Paris. He was my personal didactist and my therapist of maintenance or “ad-vitam” through his death in October 2002. And also, little by little we were turning to be colleagues and friends. We have shared many professional areas. We have shared courses and congresses where we have worked together and shared the same room for many days in various places like Venice, Vienna or Boston. We have taken part together in international associations like The International Association of Somatotherapy, The European Association of Body Psychotherapy or The International Scientific Committee of Body Psychotherapy” and we saw ourselves submerged in the adventure of what IFOC was, which went on making relations between colleagues from different European and Latin American countries. We have also shared many personal areas both at his places of residence and at mine where he stayed for years on the occasions he would visit us. There we spoke of our matters, shared his jokes with my family, and he could see my children, Iris and Daniel growing and would always bring them some toys; we were planning activities and future meetings, he would take notes of meetings in a huge French planning he would always carry with him. And during his last trips he could also make acquaintance with my new girlfriend, Roxana, and our daughter, Andrea, who was a little over one month of age when the congress of IFOC took place in Paris. Those shared areas over the twenty years of have allowed me know the relationships he had with some of his girlfriends, and the relationship he had with his children. We have been able to talk, spend some time together, and there has always been this spirit of intimacy, proximity, this sensation of understanding and communication. It is true that over the last few years Federico was shitting himself more and more. Simultaneously, his deafness was progressing, and he was shutting himself to the outer world and was more difficult to communicate with, he was getting more and more tangible. On many occasions the only thing he commented were practical aspects it emotional dynamics hardly ever appeared in his speech. However, we have also shared some moments of affection in those last years when he was disappointed and exhausted by personal and professional circumstances. In ESTER we always welcomed him as a dear guest and as our referee in didactic and professionalism – a figure he was (and continues to be) in our institution. He was our greatest and best collaborator our greatest and best teacher, and a friend to all of us who could share our experience with him during those meetings so expected and which also could serve us as a justification of spending together some careless and expansive moments: the paellas under the palm trees, those relishes he was so fond of in “Carmen’s neighbourhood”, the dinners in Manolo and Maria’s house, those soirees in the company of Joan’s guitar with the poems of Maite and Calixto, and so many other memories that are still in my mind. In fact, he would come to Spain three times a year and made maintenance therapy, analysis of control, supervisions, courses and lectures, mostly in Valencia but also in San Sebastian, Barcelona and Madrid. He was interested by our internal dynamics but did not ask us questions of those dynamics movements or about their organization, and always gave us his opinion that he found in our team a coherence in its development, and I would say that he even showed some sort of timid admiration. As to us, we also always did our best, so he could really feel what he was for us indeed, a special Teacher of our modest school, and a very special person for all of us.



As a therapist, as a clinical specialist, I think he was marvelous. He had this excellent intuition, capacity of analysis of the specific away from the general, although, due to the specificity of his character he experienced certain difficulties in his work with more primitive, more nuclear patients. As a lecturer, his knowledge was enormous both in the field of medicine and in the dominion of biology, in the symbols, in sociology, and in anthropology. His capacity of transmission was very human, deep, and direct and it was easy to notice his scientific background away from the standard. No doubt, whenever he had to write, he used an excessively cryptic language where, beyond each

phrase existed enormous content to be deciphered to discover each time a deeper and deeper knowledge.

His professional legacy is very rich and following Reichian orthodox tradition, he develops his knowledge in three main dominions: biology and essential research, energetic, clinics and psychotherapy, and prevention and education.

In the dominion of research and biology, he worked out a profound analysis of etiology and therapeutics, of functional degenerative illnesses, already defined by Reich, such as biopathies (cancer, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, etc. ), and both from a somatic and psychodynamic point of view and from the perspective of energetic disequilibria, and the “cellular fear” aspect, too. Contributing to combined therapeutics of psychotherapy (Vegetotherapy) with diets, oligoelements, homeopathy, and the “orgon accumulator” (ORAC), aiming to more coherently be able to cope with these multi-systemic illnesses. He insisted that in the base of all pathology was the fear, and he was supported by scientific studies as the experiments carried out several years before in the university of Boulder (Colorado) where a contraction was observed of cells facing adverse situations. As to this, he wrote, “The primary negative emotion is the fear which is in the basis of all pathology as a determined element and/or revealing of the condition for contraction, as a mechanism of defence”. (Vs. his books “The Somatopsychodynamics” and “Biopathies”).

In the field of psychotherapy he worked out a neuromuscular system for the use of character analytic Vegetotherapy taking as a reference the process of evolution and development of the human mammal (ontogenesis) using some empiric and clinical bases of W. Reich’s excessively enriching this deep psychotherapy. He referred to his work like this, “Character analytic Vegetotherapy is a therapeutic methodology with socio-cultural implications, that is, policies (not partisan) whose aim is to contribute gradually and progressively to the change in the current condition of our society (cause of collective psychopathology, in which we are living).

This methodology makes use of techniques, but is not an emotional liberation technique; it is a therapy. Vegetotherapy presupposes therapeutic work on the vegetative system and character analysis implies transformation work on a character system by a mature genital character…”Vegetotherapy seeks to cure the patient by means of “particular body interventions (actings) that provoke vegetative emotional and muscular reactions capable of restructuring a sane psychoaffectiveness, which has been put into a conflict ever since the birth of an individual”. (Vs. his books “Post-Reichian Characterology” and “Methodology of Character Analytic Vegetotherapy”).

And in conclusion, in the dominion of preventive assistance and education he supported the concept of “self-regulation” launched by W. Reich and A. Neill, paying respect to the rhythms of nature and giving priority to the quality of relation within the familial system. This is what he wrote, for example:

“The frequency and strict hours in breast feeding do not have any sense…the child must be able to suck whenever it wills…Weaning must be very gradual and must be left to the child’s free choice without being imposed by the mother or by any other person.

Neither needs the baby to be awarded as to the evacuation functions, or as to walking…One should never forget that a baby who is crying is an unhappy baby and its suffering must always be alleviated so it should not accumulate stress and consequently would fasten its muscular tension…

The father, facing breast feeding mother’s possible anxiety must take active part sharing new and different tasks that fall on the familial cell”…

Federico Navarro potentially had much more left to live and left many things to be done. But his Life was intensive and his contributions enrich mankind.

With his memory we continue our lives and our work.






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(1949c) "Ether, God and Devil" Orgone Institute Press. Rangeley Maine). Incluido en Ether, God and Devil and Cosmic Superimposition, Farrar Straus & Giroux. N. Y. 1973. *

(1951b) "The Orgonic Energy Accumulator" Institute Press. Rangeley (Maine). *

(1952a) "Reich habla de Freud" Editorial Anagrama, 1970.

SERRANO, Xavier (1986) "La Vegetoterapia y las disfunciones sexuales"Revista Energía, carácter y sociedad, Vol. 4, nº 1 y 2. Publicaciones Orgón. Valencia, 1986.

(1990) "El diagnóstico inicial-diferencial en la Orgonterapiadesde una perspectiva postreichiana". ECS Vol. 8, nº 2. Publicaciones Orgón. Valencia, 1990.

(1994)"Contacto-vínculo-separación, sexualidad y autonomía yoica". Publicacions Orgón. Valencia, 1994.

(1997) “La psicoterapia corporal y la clínica postreichiana”. Capítulo del libro “Cien años de W. Reich”. Recopilado por el autor. Publicaciones orgón. Valencia 1997

(1997b) "Ecología infantil y maduración humana" en colaboración con

M. S. Pinuaga. Publicaciones Orgón. Valencia, 1997.

(200O) “Al alba del siglo XXI". Ensayos ecológicos postreichianos". Publicaciones orgon. Valencia

(2007)La psicoterapia breve caracteroanalitica”. Edit. Biblioteca Nueva. Madrid

(2011) “Profundizando en el diván Reichiano. la vegetoterapia en la psicoterapia caracteraonalítica”. Edit. Biblioteca Nueva. Madrid.


E. C. S. : Revista Energía, Caracter y Sociedad”. La actualidad del paradigma postreichiano. Publicaciones Orgon. Valencia.

WEB ESTER y publicaciones orgón:

WEB Xavier Serrano:






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